Adoption of Green Human Resources Management Practices by Hotels in Egypt: Drivers, Perceived Benefits and Challenges

Document Type : Original Article


1 Higher Institute for Specific Studies, Future Academy, Cairo, Egypt

2 Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, Beni Suef University, Egypt

3 Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, Luxor University, Egypt


Green Human Resource Management (GHRM) is the application of human resource regulations to support the long-term use of property resources and to ensure environmental sustainability. This research examines the adoption of GHRM practices by Egyptian hotels. The research aims to determine the drivers for adoption of GHRM practices by Egyptian hotels, explore the benefits associated with adoption of GHRM practices by Egyptian hotels, and identify challenges associated with adoption of GHRM practices. To achieve the research aim and objectives, primary data was collected through a "close-ended questionnaire". A total of 288 self-administrated questionnaires were distributed to managers of randomly sampled in the following cities: Hurghada, Safaga, El Quseir, and Marsa Alam, Red Sea region. Among the questionnaires returned, 253 were usable ones, representing a response rate of 87.8% of respondents. A five-point Likert scale was used to test the attitude of the participants toward research variables. The data was analyzed using SPSS-23. The results showed that Egyptian hotels in the Red Sea region adopt GHRM practices with a low level. Green training and development has been rated as a best practice that is implemented at a moderate standard in Egyptian hotels. The most important drivers revealed were environmental considerations. Furthermore, hotels face challenges in adopting GHRM practices, like a lack of awareness of green practices. It was concluded that the most important benefits of adopting GHRM were the promotion of social responsibility towards the environment and a stronger public image. The intention was also demonstrated through green training and development, followed by a green organizational culture. The research recommends that Egyptian hotels should adopt green practices in most of their operations.