Caps and Identity: Origin and Interpretation of Phrygian Caps in Coptic Art

Document Type : Original Article


Faculty of Tourism and Hotels, Minia University, Egypt


Different headdresses are introduced in Coptic art, among them; the Phrygian cap. It is a non-religious cap in Christianity. It's rarely depicted on Coptic art, but it had its origin in Sasanian, Greek, and Roman arts. Certain people are depicted shown wearing such cap in Coptic art. This paper aims to trace and study its origin, and its few depictions in Coptic art and artifacts. Thus, an iconographical and analytical methodologies will be followed.